First Order (6db/octave) Two-Way Crossover

High Pass Impedance: Ohms
Low Pass Impedance: Ohms
Frequency Hz

               

6dB Crossover Diagram     C1= uf




  L1= mH

 


Second Order (12db/octave) Two-Way Crossover

Linkwitz-Riley Butterworth Bessel

High Pass Impedance: Ohms
Low Pass Impedance: Ohms
Frequency Hz

               

12dB Crossover Diagram     C1 = uf

  L1 = mH


  C2 = uf

  L2 = mH

 


Third Order (18db/octave) Two-Way Crossover

High Pass Impedance: Ohms
Low Pass Impedance: Ohms
Frequency Hz

               

18dB Crossover Diagram     C1 = uf
  C2 = uf
  L1 = mH

  L2 = mH
  L3 = mH
  C3 = uf

 


Fourth order (24dB/octave) Two-Way Crossover

High Pass Impedance: Ohms
Low Pass Impedance: Ohms
Frequency Hz

               

24dB Crossover Diagram     C1 = uf
  C2 = uf
  L1 = mH
  L2 = mH

  C3 = uf
  C4 = uf
  L3 = mH
  L4 = mH

 


Zobel Circuit (Impedance Stabilization)

DC resistance (Re): Ohms
Inductive Equivalent (Le): Henries

               

Zobel Circuit Diagram     C1= uf


  R1= Ohms

 


L-pad (Speaker Attenuation)

Driver Impedance = Ohms
Desired Attenuation = dB

               

l-pad.gif (1013 bytes)     R1 = Ohms


  R2 = Ohms